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Bernard Gilpin Primary School

Hall Lane


Tyne & Wear


Tel: 0191 917 2999


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Foundation Stage


Curriculum Overview

Click here to view or download the Foundation Stage curriculum overview.

Spelling and phonics

In Reception the children start the journey into reading and spelling.  We follow the Letters and Sounds programme, working through six phases.  In Reception we cover the first three phases, preparing the children for the next three phases in Key Stage One.

Phase 1

The purpose of Phase One is to teach important basic elements of the Letters and Sounds programme such as oral segmenting and blending of familiar words.

Phase One activities are arranged under the following seven aspects:

Aspect 1: To develop children’s listening skills and awareness of sounds in the environment.

Aspect 2: To experience and develop awareness of sounds made with instruments and noise makers.

Aspect 3: To develop awareness of sounds and rhythms with body percussion.

Aspect 4: To experience and appreciate rhythm and rhyme.

Aspect 5: To experience alliteration (same sound at the start of words, e.g. freshly fried fish).

Aspect 6: To distinguish between the differences in vocal sounds.

Aspect 7: Oral blending and segmenting of sounds in words - e.g. I can see a c-a-t.

Phase 2  

The purpose of this phase is to learn at least 19 letters and move on to blending and segmenting with letters. Children will learn to read some vowel consonant words (e.g. it, at) and consonant, vowel, consonant words (e.g. sat, pin) and to spell them.  They will also learn to read some high-frequency ‘tricky’ words: the, to, go, no.

Phase 3  

The purpose of this phase is to learn another 25 sounds, most of them comprising two letters (e.g. ee, oa, ow).  

Spring Term 2020


This term the children will be going on two Educational visits.  These visits will provide a fun and valuable learning experience which will link with teaching back at school.  This was highlighted as a strong feature of our school by OFSTED on their last visit.  


Thursday 6th February (Mrs Milnes)

Monday 10th February (Mrs O'Mara)

Friday 14th February (Miss Preston)


Stowell Street and Discovery Museum, Newcastle


Monday 23rd March (Miss Preston)

Wednesday 25th March (Mrs Milnes)

Thursday 26th March (Mrs O'Mara)


Tweddle Farm, Hartlepool




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Bob's Allotment

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Chopwell Woods and Fenwick's Window

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Stowell Street & Discovery Museum

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