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Bernard Gilpin Primary School

Hall Lane


Tyne & Wear


Tel: 0191 917 2999


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Violin Tuition

100px-Music-natural.svg 29px-Music_dynamic_piano.svg 46px-Music_dynamic_fortissimo.svg 50px-Music_dynamic_mezzo_forte.svg 50px-Music_dynamic_mezzo_piano.svg 50px-Music-diminuendo.svg 51px-Music_dynamic_pianissimo.svg 100px-Music-dotnote.svg 100px-Music-eighthnote.svg 100px-Music-eighthrest.svg 100px-Music-flat.svg 100px-Music-halfnote.svg 100px-Music-halfrest.svg 29px-Music_dynamic_forte.svg 100px-Music-quarternote.svg 100px-Music-sharp.svg 100px-Music-sixteenthnote.svg 100px-Music-sixteenthrest.svg 100px-Music-slur 100px-Music-staccato 100px-Music-wholenote.svg 100px-Music-wholerest.svg 150px-Violin_peg_strings 250px-Up_Bow Down_Bow Violin_bow_parts 100px-Crochet2.svg

Note lengths

¼ beat = semi-quaver

½ beat = quaver

2 beats = minim

4 beats = semi-breve

1 beat = crotchet

A dot after a note makes the note half as long again.

e.g.. 1½ beats

sharp - this is higher than the natural note

flat - this is lower than the natural note


Rest lengths

¼ beat = semi-quaver rest

½ beat = quaver rest

1 beat = crotchet rest

2 beats = minim rest

4 beats = semibreve rest

Violin parts

The violin

The bow

The strings

Click on an image to enlarge

Musical terms/definitions

down bow (start at the heel of the bow)

up bow (start at the tip of the bow)




piano (quiet)

pianissimo (very quiet)

mezzo-piano (moderately quiet)

forte (loud)

fortissimo (very loud)

mezzo-forte (moderately loud)


cresc = crescendo (getting gradually louder)

dim = diminuendo (getting gradually quieter)

slur - to play the notes in one bow so they are smooth

staccato - to play a short note - usually half the length



slur - to play the notes in one bow so they are smooth

play using the bow

pizzicato (pluck the strings)

To remember the names of the strings

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The strings are G, D, A, E.

G is the fattest string


Musical notes range from A to G.


When you put your first finger on a string, the note is the next letter of the alphabet.


Which finger is which: